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According to data from the Federal State Statistics Service, the population of Kaluga Region was 1,016,468 as of 01.01.2017. This is almost 5,000 more than it was on 01.01.2016. Growth of population has been registered since 2014.   

Urban population - 773,018 people.

Economically active population - 528,400 people.

There is also positive dynamics in demographics. General birth rate in Kaluga Region for 2017 amounted to 12.3, thus exceeding average value by 0.6 for the Central Federal District. Kaluga Region has 2nd place in the Central Federal District by this parameter. 

Population density — 34.14 people per sq.km. However, there are considerable internal variances in territory development. The area with the highest density is the southern part of the Moscow agglomeration.

It includes Kaluga - 342,000 people, Obninsk - 111,400, Lyudinovo - 39,000, Maloyaroslavets - 28,100, Balabanovo - 25,400, Kirov - 30,900.

Population structure: